The meaning of drug abuse is described as the usage of hallucinatory drugs and sports performance enhancement drugs for non-medical purposes. Some of the exploited drugs are amphetamines, benzodiazepines, barbiturates, morphine, cocaine, heroin, alcohol, and other opiate-related drugs like codeine and hydrocodone. The other substance abuse meaning may possibly be classified into four distinct categories: the medical meanings, the argot usage and mass contact, the public health definitions, and the political and criminal definitions.
Because of the reason that substance abuse and drug addiction can hurt an individual, it is necessary to motivate the drug addicted person to get drug abuse treatment. There are numerous kinds of addictive drugs available today. The substance abuse treatment technique may vary from one drug type to another. The treatment processes also depend on the distinctiveness of the patients and they may vary when it comes to the methodologies. Some of the drug dependents face challenges concerning physical and psychological topics. Additionally, there are some drug dependents who cope with challenges concerning occupational or social matters. Regrettably, social problems create a great deal of difficulty to address addictive disorders/addictive conditions of the drug dependent people.
The attempt to stop the usage of drugs do not succeed more often than not. Despite the fact that there are several proofs of short-term successes, the long-term successes are still uncommon. There are several treatment procedures that were invented to help addictive patients end their addiction to illegal substances. The treatment processes are consist of various methods like harm diminution, abstinence-based means, medical treatments, pharmacotherapeutics, and legal techniques. The substance abuse treatment procedures are separated into two groups. The first category comprises several common substance abuse treatment programs whereas the second set comprises the penal justice-engaged treatment procedures.
DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT TECHNIQUES:
(1) Agonist Maintenance Treatment:
This treatment method is broadly used to counter substance abuse and it is also called the methadone treatment process. In this treatment service, several synthetic and opium-derived drugs such as levomethadyl acetate or methadone are applied. These drugs are ingested incessantly at a measure that is enough to prevent the withdrawal of opium-derived compounds and to block the effects that are caused by misusing opiate-related drugs. Craving for opiate-related drugs also decreases as time pass by. Extensive advising is ordinarily administered together with this treatment procedure.
(2) Narcotic Antagonist Cure Applying Naltrexone:
Generally, this treatment program is an extension of the earlier mentioned substance abuse treatment program. In here, Naltrexone is applied as a substitute for levomethadyl acetate or methadone, as a synthetic and long-acting antagonist. It is necessary that the drug dependent person patient is free from the opiate-related drugs for several days so that the Naltrexone could be applied. Now it should be mentioned that this antagonist doesn’t have any subjective potential of addiction and it possesses several risks too. Rehabilitation and advising are also mandatory in this type.
(3) Outpatient Drug-Free Care:
This process of substance abuse treatment is getting popular as time passes. This procedure is not related to rehab. In this case, the necessary medications are given right after hearing the needs of the person with addiction issues. As an alternative to one-on-one counseling, the group advising occurs in this drug abuse cure program. This program costs less than the two earlier mentioned categories. This treatment technique goes well with workers, students and those who have broad social and family motivation.
(4) Long-Term Residential Treatment Program:
In this case, the drug users are admitted to especially constructed residential substance abuse healing hubs with non-hospital settings. There are numerous residential treatment types available. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Therapeutic Community are the most famous sorts. These hubs are comprised of patients, physicians, counselors and other supporting crew members. The duration of residence extends for some six months to a year. In that course of time, the necessary medications are given to the addictive patients and psychological advising is administered. This process is convenient for the addictive patients who lacks the social and family motivation that they need.
(5) Short-Term Residential Treatment Methods:
This kind of treatment is actually based on a model called 12-step approach. At First, this technique was used for alcohol addiction treatment, but soon after it was found out that this process is also helpful for cocaine abuse treatments.
(6) Medical Detoxification:
In this kind of substance abuse treatment program, the traces of addictive drugs are taken out of the human body. Generally, the human body is detoxified during the period of treatment. The entire procedure is under the careful inspection of an experienced doctor. Furthermore, it is important to decrease the addictive condition of the addictive patient through advising.
(7) Law-Based Treatment Services:
It is a known fact that addiction to drugs is definitely prohibited. When an individual is discovered abusing drugs, he is required to go through some substance abuse treatment techniques as a part of the punishment. There are two kinds of law-based treatment programs: the community-based treatment program and the prison-based drug abuse treatment program.
Drug abuse treatments will only be considered successful supposing the addictive patient is given motivation coming from his family, his pals, and the society. The addictive patient need to obey the suggestions provided to him by a doctor or an advisor.